This type of damage restores the benefit granted to the non-offending party. Simply put, the plaintiff receives the value of what was awarded to the defendant when there was a contract. There are two general limitations to recovery, namely that a complete breach of contract is required and compensation is limited to the contract price if the damage exceeds it. In tort law, restitution applies to the amount of damages necessary to restore the plaintiff to the situation he occupied before the crime was committed. For example, if a person is injured by another person, the injured party may collect the medical expenses and loss of wages as compensation. Other civil damages differ from restitution damages because they are not based on the amount necessary to restore the previous status of the injured party. PUNITIVE DAMAGES, for example, are damages collected against a civil defendant for the purpose of punishing the defendant`s conduct and not for the reimbursement of compensation. Suppose Alexis stole Rachel`s $100 phone, but Alexis could sell the phone for $120. Rachel lost only $100; This will be charged as damages, and Rachel may be compensated for such damages if she wishes. However, Alexis won $120, so Rachel`s repair bonus would be $120.

In this case, Rachel would most likely seek compensation for the damage. The fundamental objective of restitution is to achieve equity and prevent the unjust enrichment of a party. Reimbursement is used in contractual situations where one party has granted a benefit to another party but cannot collect payment because the contract is defective or there is no contract. For example, suppose one person builds a barn on another person`s property. In addition, suppose that the structure is not built on the basis of a contract or agreement, and the owner of the land on which the barn is located refuses to pay the builder for the barn. Despite the absence of a contract, a court may order the owner to pay the builder the cost of the work and materials in accordance with the doctrine of reimbursement. However, in situations where a person benefits from it, no refund will be granted. For example, suppose Maria adds a driveway from a public road to her house. By adding this driveway, John`s home becomes more accessible and the value of his property increases.

Imagine that A commits an injustice against B and B in court in relation to that injustice. A will certainly be obliged to pay B. compensation. If B seeks compensation, the court`s award is calculated on the basis of the damage suffered by B as a result of A`s unlawful act. However, in certain circumstances, B is free to claim a refund instead of compensation. It is in his interest to do so if the profit that A has made by his unlawful act is greater than the harm that B has suffered. Although attribution can be flexible and factors other than loss and profit are taken into account when determining what should be granted. For example, restitution and compensation are not always the same concept. The difference lies in the method used to calculate the markup. In the event of reimbursement, damages are calculated based on the amount the defendant earned from the process. In most cases, this is an amount that is used to recover what was lost in a civil lawsuit. The remedy for restitution is available in different types of legal cases.

Note that (1) to (5) are all causal events (see above). The law responds to each of them by imposing an obligation to pay damages. Reparation for injustice is the question that deals with the question of when exactly the law also responds by imposing an obligation to return. Reimbursement is made when one party benefits from the loss of the other party. The exact outcome of restitution depends on the nature of the dispute. In general, restitution measures focus on how the defendant benefited, what he gained and not what the plaintiff lost. It is different from compensation. Damages or damages highlight, among other things, what the plaintiff loses financially. Reimbursement may be determined by: Reimbursement may be either a remedy or an appropriate remedy, “depending on the basis of the claimant`s claim and the nature of the underlying remedies.” [1] In general, fair return and prosecution are an appropriate remedy if the money or property wrongfully held by the defendant is traceable (i.e., may be linked to “certain funds or assets”). In such a case, restitution takes the form of a constructive trust or equitable privilege.

[1] To claim compensation, the damage suffered must be measurable. The exact method of calculation depends on the legal case and the nature of the damages: in Attorney General v Blake[6], an English court was faced with the following action. The defendant had made a profit in the order of £60,000 as a direct result of the breach of his contract with the plaintiff. The plaintiff was undoubtedly entitled to claim damages, but had suffered little or no apparent damage. It therefore decided to seek compensation for the injustice of the breach. The plaintiff was successful and the defendant was ordered to pay his profits to the plaintiff. However, the court carefully emphasized that the normal legal response to a breach of contract is to award compensation. A production order is only available in exceptional cases. It should be noted that sometimes there are decisions about how a judge will settle a case.

The court could allow a victim to choose between damages or reparations. In these limited cases, you may have one, but not both. As a general rule, restitution can be granted in many areas of law and can be a remedy for many situations, most often breach of contract. When a contract is concluded, one party promises the other something in exchange for a benefit. The courts of seventeenth-century England first developed the doctrine of restitution as a contractual remedy. The concept migrated to the courts in the United States and has since expanded beyond its original contractual roots. The courts now apply restitution in the areas of maritime or admiralty law, criminal law and offences. Under Admiralty law, return may be ordered if a ship`s crew must throw goods overboard to keep the ship afloat. In such a case, the owner of the discarded goods may receive some recovery for the goods from the owners of the other cargo under the return theory. Under criminal law, state programs under which an perpetrator is required to reimburse money or provide services to the victim or society as a condition of conviction; with regard to the law of the sea, the restoration of objects lost as a result of the release when the rest of the cargo has been rescued, at the expense of the owners of the cargo; in tort or civil misconduct law, a certain degree of damages; with regard to contract law, the restoration of a party injured by a breach of contract to the position occupied by that party before the conclusion of the contract. In criminal or civil cases, a person may be awarded compensation for bodily injury inflicted on him or for financial loss if he or she can prove to the court that the damage is directly attributable to the actions of the accused.

It is important to remember that reimbursement is only possible if the applicant has the right to recover. Without the plaintiff`s actual recovery, the defendant would otherwise be unfairly enriched. If the assets in question cannot be specifically identified, return is a remedy. This happens, for example, when the plaintiff “seeks a judgment that imposes personal responsibility to pay a sum of money.” [1] Unjust enrichment and quantum meruit are sometimes identified as types of confiscation remedies. [1] Ken joined LegalMatch in January 2002. Since his arrival, Ken has worked with a variety of talented lawyers, paralegals and law students to make LegalMatch`s law library a comprehensive source of legal information accessible to all. Prior to joining LegalMatch, Ken practiced law in San Francisco, California for four years, handling a variety of cases in areas as diverse as family law (divorces, custody and maintenance, injunctions, paternity), real estate (real estate, landlord/tenant litigation for residential and commercial real estate), criminal law (misdemeanors, crimes, minors, traffic violations), personal injury (car accidents, medical malpractice, Slips and traps), entertainment (registration contracts, copyright and trademark registration, licensing agreements), labor law (wage claims, discrimination, sexual harassment), commercial law and contracts (breach of contract, drafting of contracts) and san Francisco bankruptcy (Chapter 7 of personal bankruptcies). . .